2017 Tree Order Form

Mercer Soil & Water 2017 Tree  Seedling Descriptions

Species

Mature Height

Mature Spread

Growth Rate

S Slow

M Moderate

R - Rapid

Light

S Shade

P Partial

F - Full

Description

American Arborvitae

60

15

M

P-F

Soft, green needles with spreading flat sprays.  Provides wildlife with shelter and food.

American Highbush Cranberry

12

12

M

P-F

Durable, hardy, easy-to-grow across a range of soil pH and moisture conditions.  Fruit is attractive to wildlife.  Well Suited for barriers, borders, hedges and screening.

American Larch

70

30

R

F

Conifer that drops its needles in the autumn and grows new ones in the spring. Has a straight, erect, rapidly-tapering trunk, clothed with a bluish gray bark.

Bitternut Hickory

80

50

M

P-F

Produces bitter nuts usually too ill-fit for human consumption.  The fall color is often green to chartreuse to a brilliant yellow.

Black Cherry

60

30

R

P-F

Large, native tree with white flowers in early Spring followed by dark, pea-sized fruit in late summer that provide food for birds and mammals.  Mature bark is dark and scaly.

Black Elderberry

6

6

R

F

Shrub that is mostly known as a wildlife plant that blooms white flowers in late spring, which, in turn, produce dark, edible berries 

Black Hills Spruce

40

15

M

F

Black Hills spruce is a small- to medium-height tree with a dense habit and broad, pyramidal form.

Black Maple

75

50

M

S-P-F

A subspecies of Sugar Maple that displays similar characteristics: dense, rounded crown; dark, furrowed bark; and brilliant fall color.

Black Walnut

75

50

M

F

Native tree that provides excellent shade, home to wildlife and food for humans and animals.

Butterfly Bush

5

5

R

P-F

A long-blooming shrub with dense clusters of fragrant flowers, attracts butterflies and hummingbirds.

Chinkapin Oak

80

70

S

F

Native oak to Midwest with glossy, coarsely-toothed leaves that are yellow-green. Young trees retain a pyramidal to oval habit with a pale gray, scaly ridged central trunk rounding as they age.

Colorado Blue Spruce

60

20

S

P-F

A conical-shaped evergreen tree with short stiff needles.  Often used in residential landscapes.

Common Bald Cypress

70

30

M

P-F

Soft, feathery needles turn russet-red in Autumn.  Loses its needles in winter and grows new set in Spring.

Common Lilac

10

12

M

F

An old-fashioned, long-lived, and well-loved shrub best known for its fragrant flowers. It is extremely hardy and thrives with little care which make it a lovely shrub.

New Jersey Tea

5

5

S-M

P-F

In June and July this low-growing, rounded shrub is a cloud of white flowers.  It is a nectar source and a caterpillar and larva host, attracting an array of beautiful butterflies.

Ninebark

10

10

M

P-F

A cold-hardy, tough native shrub used for mixed borders.  Pinkish-white flower clusters in late spring.

Northern Pecan

100

75

M

F

Large, straight-trunked nut tree native to river bottoms and rich fertile soils.  The delicious nut ripens in the fall.

Norway Spruce

60

30

M-R

P-F

A large, pyramidal tree with long, cylindrical cones that hang on the dark green weeping branches.  Adaptable and good for windbreaks.

Pin Oak

70

50

R

F

Native oak often seen in the wild in wet areas, floodplains, wetlands, and low areas. A favorite Oak to use as a shade tree.

Purple Smoketree

15

15

M

P-F

Covered with purplish hair-like flowers that provide the appearance of a puff of smoke.  Can grow as either a single-trunked tree or a multi-stemmed shrub.

Redbud

30

30

M

P-F

A multi-trunked tree in the wild, having a vase shape with a rounded crown that produces purplish-pink flowers in April and May.

Red Oak

75

75

M

P-F

Faster growing oak for the home landscape.  Leaves are beautiful throughout the year becoming a rich brick-red color in Fall.  Produces early maturing acorns loved by wildlife.

River Birch

40

30

R

P-F

Popular, fast-growing native tree for the home landscape.  Attractive salmon-pink to reddish-brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark.  Dark green foliage turns a beautiful buttery yellow in the fall.

Sassafras

30

40

M-F

P-F

A native tree that provides vivid fall color and interesting mitten-shaped leaves.

Silky Dogwood

10

10

M

S-P-F

A large to medium-sized native shrub with creamy white spring flowers, dark green foliage, and reddish fall color. 

Spicebush

12

12

S-M

P-F

Spicy/fragrant leaves and stems, Bright red fruits ripen from July through October that are showy when foliage falls.

Swamp Chestnut Oak

100

60

M

P-F

Provides dense shade and good red fall color.

Tulip Poplar

90

50

R

P-F

Distinct tulip-shaped characteristic of its leaves, flowers, and fruit. Showy, goblet-shaped flowers that are orange-yellow-green.

White Pine

80

40

M-R

P-F

Fine feathery needles, open canopy and straight trunk becomes more picturesque with time.  Popular urban evergreen used for windbreaks and Christmas trees.

 

 

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